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Cambodia’s Cashew Cultivation Area Declines Due to Market and Climate Change

Cambodia’s Cashew Cultivation Area Declines Due to Market and Climate Change

Low prices and climate change are shrinking the cashew nut cultivation area in Cambodia. The cashew cultivation area decreased from 800,000 hectares to 700,000 hectares in 2022. The association believes that this decline is primarily due to climate change.

Cashew Cultivation Area in Cambodia Starts to Decline

According to agricultural statistics, the cashew cultivation area began to increase rapidly from 2009. The area expanded from 66,513 hectares in 2009 to 800,000 hectares in 2021, which means it grew twelvefold during that time. The cashew cultivation area in Cambodia is now decreasing due to unfavorable weather conditions. Uon Silot, Chairman of the Cashew Nut Association of Cambodia, is concerned about the decline in cashew production. Cashew nut exports exceeded 1 billion USD from January to October 2022. However, the export of raw cashew nuts decreased by 34.65% compared to the same period in 2021. He mentioned that the price of raw cashews dropped from 3,800 KHR to 2,800 KHR from March to May, and the price of dried cashews decreased from 7,200 KHR to 4,200 KHR.

In 2021, many farmers in various provinces switched to cashew cultivation, which brought them significant success. They blamed local weather conditions for reducing productivity and the quality of cashew nuts. He noted, ‘This means that we produce less and lower-quality cashew nuts. Regarding the difference between the Cashew Association of Cambodia (CCA) and the Cashew Nut Federation of Cambodia, established by the Ministry of Commerce, he explained that CCA is an independent organization that does not receive government support. Farmers and entrepreneurs are supporting climate adaptation and cost reduction. He added that CCA has been working in this field for 10 years.

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